Officials in the southern Chinese city of Zhongshan have instituted a blockchain system to track the movements of those on parole in the district.
The new blockchain network is said to improve the quality of community correction that the justice department can serve, upgrading its ability to track parolees activities around the clock. Monitoring the community prisoners previously had restrictions imposed, including regional and time constraints. The blockchain system, however, lets officials view data at any time from any location.
Changes to the electronic bracelets mean that wearers are no longer required to regularly report their own activities or require officers to make visits to check up on them, meaning less friction is created between parolee and officer.
The new blockchain system also employs data analysis that can detect the possibility of criminals re-offending through sharing the action trajectory and situation of the community prisoners with the Department of Justice. An analysis is done through an accumulative data check of the behavioral tendencies of the parolees and their current situation. If there are any indications that re-offending may occur, staff are triggered to make an early intervention and prevent any criminal activities from occurring.
In this specific use case for blockchain, the Chinese government is able to reduce the manpower required to supervise the offenders, creating both financial savings and preventing potential situations of conflict. Whether it is able to actually reduce the number of re-offending parolees is still a question as the network was only rolled out this month, but the potential to do so is certainly there.
It is not just the government in China committed to developing fresh blockchain solutions; a recent study shows that last year China was responsible for 56% of the world’s blockchain patent applications, with Chinese multinational holding conglomerate Alibaba claiming 10% of the overall total. The study also indicates that the number of blockchain patent filings has increased from just 134 in 2016, to 406 in 2017.
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