Japan’s Financial Services Agency (FSA) responsible for regulation has published a report outlining its proposals for changes to the current rules which govern cryptocurrency exchanges.

The main purpose of the updated rules is primarily aimed at addressing hacking incidents, self-regulation, deemed dealers, privacy coins, and margin trading. The framework, which also targets ICOs, was established after 11 meetings of the FSA study group.

Last month, FSA’s Study Group on Virtual Currency Exchange Industry concluded its tenth meeting. The group classified tokens according to three categories: virtual currencies with no issuers (like Bitcoin), virtual currencies with issuers, and virtual currencies that not only have issuers but also distribute profits.

According to the FSA, no major barriers prevent the new regulation becoming law and the heightened focus on cryptocurrency by the agency is thought to be a result of highly publicized hackings earlier in the year. The new laws are aimed at preventing such incidents by strengthening the management of customer property to safeguard investors.

New regulations will demand that exchanges have net assets “equal to or more than the amount equivalent to the currency and repayment funds” and also outline measures which cryptocurrency exchanges can employ to safeguard against bankruptcy.

Japan has been developing strict measures to safeguard the space since cryptocurrency began to gain huge popularity in the country. In October, industry self-regulators, the Japan Virtual Currency Exchange Association (JVCEA), were approved by the FSA to be officially recognized in its regulatory position.

Under the new regulations, Japan will refuse registration to those companies who neither “join the accredited association and conform to the self-regulation” nor establish self-regulation. There are currently “three deemed dealers” awaiting approval: Coincheck, Lastroots and Everybody’s Bitcoin.

Such companies are not permitted to advertise aggressively and expand their business while waiting for approval, nor are they able to acquire new customers during this period. Deemed dealers are also required to post their registration status on their websites to clarify their trading status for customers and potential clients.

The report also noted that ICOs “can be subject to the securities regulation” under the Financial Instruments and Exchange Act or the Fund Settlement Act.


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